The Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik IWS organised and hosted, from August 29 until September 2, 2016, the first Summer school “Short Pulsed Laser Micro/Nanostructuring of Surfaces” for (and by) PhD students of the “Laser4Fun” project, supported by the European Commission (Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions. This summer school was combined with the “5th International Summer School on Trends and new developments in Laser Technology”, organised by the Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik IWS and the Technical University of Dresden. This one-week International Summer School brought about 40 undergraduate and PhD students together for an intensive programme of study on fundamental and applied aspects of laser technology. The main programme consisted of lectures by renowned experts, supplemented by poster presentations and informal discussion sessions, as well as practices in the laboratory. The course aimed to enable the exchange of new ideas across these fields.